26-02-2022 13:25
Junior Member
Number of reported issues by finchley: 1
Overflow ocurrs only sometimes!

The manual states that the Quad/Int64 range is -9.22x10^18...9.22x10^18. Which is odd to represent an integer type in exponential notation. According to that notation the range is -9,220,000,000,000,000,000...9,220,000,000,000,000,000. However, the manual also states that a Quad is 8-bytes in size so the range should be -9,223,372,036,854,775,808...9,223,372,036,854,775,807. So I wrote the following simple program to see if this is indeed the case.

```'thinBasic 1.11.6.0
Uses "File"

Dim x As Int64
Dim hFile As DWORD

hFile = File_Open("int64.dat", "binary", SizeOf(Int64))

x = 9223372036854775807
file_put(hFile, mkq\$(x)) ' uh oh 9,223,372,036,854,775,800 is written to the file
file_put(hFile, mkq\$(0))
x = x + 1                ' no overflow!
file_put(hFile, mkq\$(x)) ' but 9,223,372,036,854,775,801 is written to the file instead
file_put(hFile, mkq\$(0))

x = &h7FFFFFFFFFFFFFFF   ' hex representation of 9,223,372,036,854,775,807
file_put(hFile, mkq\$(x)) ' *NOW* 9,223,372,036,854,775,807 is written to the file
file_put(hFile, mkq\$(0))
x = x + 1                ' overflow!
file_put(hFile, mkq\$(x)) ' minimum negative value of a quad -9,223,372,036,854,775,808
file_close(hFile)
```
So my question as to the exact range of a Quad is confirmed as -9,223,372,036,854,775,808...9,223,372,036,854,775,807. This is good.

However, there seems to be some disturbing behavoir in the interpreter. Looking at the output file with a hex editor you can see that when x is assigned the value of 9,223,372,036,854,775,807 it is not honored (9,223,372,036,854,775,800) but when x is assigned the same value in a different base (7FFFFFFFFFFFFFFF) it is? What's going on? And more importantly how do I know when the value of a variable will be honored or not? 'Dim x as Quad' is a contract and if 9,223,372,036,854,775,807 is a valid value for a Quad it shouldn't depend on whether it is assigned to a variable in base 10 or base Z.
Issue Details
Issue Number 659
Project thinBasic
Category Unknown
Status Unconfirmed
Priority Unknown
Affected Version 1.11.X
Fixed Version (none)
Milestone (none)
Users able to reproduce bug 0
Users unable to reproduce bug 0
Assigned Users (none)
Tags (none)