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Val

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Description

 

Return the numeric equivalent of a string argument.

 

Syntax

 

n = Val(StringExpression [, nDecimals])

 

Returns

 

Number

 

Parameters

 

Name

Type

Optional

Meaning

StringExpression

String

No

String expression to be converted into a number

nDecimals

Numeric

yes

Number of decimal places to return in the rounded number.

If this optional parameter will be specified, returned value will be rounded the number of decimal places indicated.

 

Remarks

 

VAL can also be used to convert string arguments that are in the form of Hexadecimal, Binary and Octal numbers.

Hexadecimal values should be prefixed with "&H"

Binary values should be prefixed with "&B".

Octal values may be prefixed "&O", "&Q" or just "&".

If the StringExpression contains a leading zero, the result is returned as an unsigned value, otherwise, a signed value is returned.

 

Examples:

 

n = VAL("&HF5F3")       ' Hex, returns -2573 (signed)

n = VAL("&H0F5F3")      ' Hex, returns 62963 (unsigned)

n = VAL("&B0100101101"' Binary, returns 301 (unsigned)

n = VAL("&O4574514")    ' Octal, returns 1243468 (signed)

 

Restrictions

 

VAL stops analyzing StringExpression when non-numeric characters are encountered.

When dealing with Hexadecimal, Binary, and Octal number systems, the period character is classified as non-numeric.

VAL accepts the period character as a decimal place for all decimal number system values.

 

See also

 

String Handling,

 

Examples